Antoni Andrzej Łyko was born on 27th May 1907 in Rakowice in a family of workers. He was a qualified lathe-operator. His biggest passion was football and from an early age he showed talent as a fast athlete, petite and clever when playing. His career started in 1930 when he began playing for Wisła Kraków. He played 108 games in total and scored 30 goals.
On the morning of December 15th, 2017 the sad news about the passing of Kazimierz Piechowski was made known to us. We were studying in the archives at the time when his family had contacted the museum to deliver the news to which we were present. Upon hearing the announcement, we felt compelled to revisit his incredible story of bravery and honour in the face of extreme adversity.
As part of the exclusive ASG “Werk Kamps Project”, I had the privilege of interviewing Sandor Vandor, a Hungarian native who was interned at one of the lesser known labour camps in Austria during the Holocaust. As often neglected in circles of Holocaust memory, Sandor’s extraordinary testimony raises awareness of the individual experiences of those placed in forced labour camps across Europe. Yet, his placement in Sankt Anna directly contributed to his survival, and his will to live grew stronger due to the humanity, courage and kindness of the local residents. Now, Sandor works to educate others, and regularly visits the town in which he was imprisoned to teach future generations about their history.
The IG Farben plant in Auschwitz came to represent the largest of the continual spatial areas within the concentration camp system. Of the 10 IG Farben Werk Kamps that were spread around the town of Oświęcim and the village of Monowitz, 6 camps existed in a zone that were not divided by residential buildings. The whole of this area measured around 8.31km² (or 4.45km in a straight line).
Its incomprehensible to imagine that selection for a work unit in Auschwitz where one rises before the rest of the camp and often returns after most other work commandos in the evening, would be considered a lucrative placement. Yet this was how hardened prisoners of Auschwitz would compartmentalise their lot.